Acne should not be associated with teenage only. A breakout can occur right in your middle age, when you assume the hormones inside your body have settled. Studies have shown that 35% woman deal with acne in their 30’s, 26% in their 40’s and 15% in 50+ age group. While teen acne usually happens around cheeks, nose and forehead, the adult acne pops up around jawline, chin and neck.
Primary reason for any kind of acne breakout, (whether in teen age or adult) is the fluctuation in hormones. However, adult acne has a wide spectrum of causes that lead to these fluctuations. Important amongst them are :
1.Stress :- Acne gives you stress and stress causes acne. It’s a vicious circle. Stress leads to release of cortisol (steroid hormone)by adrenal glands. Cortisol is responsible for production of excess oil or sebum which leads to clogged pores resulting in acne.
So, first thing you should do is not to over-think as that may aggravate the acne situation. Get plenty of sleep and indulge in your favorite activities for happy hormones.
2.Diet :- Certain foods trigger the hormones that produce excess oil. These include junk and processed foods like white breads, rice, potato chips, cookies and cakes etc. Studies have shown a connection between milk and acne. Milk increases the blood sugar level, leading to excess oil production.
Keep a track of your diet to understand if any particular kind of food is causing an acne breakout. Cut on junk, processed, oily and greasy foods. Include fruits and fresh vegetables, fish, flax seeds, green tea in your diet. They provide nutrients that fight acne and keep your skin glowing.
3. PMS :- a female body produces less of the female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) around mensural cycle. Whereas, the level of male hormones (testosterone -present in the female body in less quantity), remains the same during menses. This fluctuation in the hormones leads to mensural acne, which is very common in woman.
Mensural acne subsides on its own after the bleeding starts. But if the breakout is severe and brings with it inflammation or a rash that pains, its best to visit a gynaecologist who can help with some medications that keep the acne in check.
Other factors that trigger acne in adults are pregnancy, PCOS and birth control pills. All these conditions play with hormone levels in the body resulting in acne.
Other ways to fight adult acne :-
1. Maintain skin hygiene i.e. washing face twice with gentle cleanser. Follow it up with creams or lotions that are non-comedogenic (don’t clog pores) or non-acnegenic (they don’t cause breakouts).
2. Go for skin care products that include Salicylic Acid or Benzoyl Peroxide, as both cure acne.
3. Certain medications affect hormones and help in fighting acne. These include birth control pills. Visit a doctor to get the best advice on the combination of medications, prescription retinoids or antibiotics that will suit you to fight acne.