Time in Sun can be refreshing and rejuvenating. But, did you know that it can also speed up the ageing process? Exposure to UVA and UVB rays can result in Photoageing, characteristic changes to skin, incited by UVA and UVB rays.
UVB rays can penetrate through the outermost or epidermal layer of the skin, resulting in mutations in DNA. The reason of these mutations are chemical in nature. And, these mutations can lead to signs of Photoageing such as wrinkles, elastin and collagen damage.
UVA rays are able to penetrate deeper than UVB rays. They can reach the second layer of skin, the dermal layer. This layer has collagen, elastin and extrafibrillar matrix. It ensures the structural balance of the skin. UVA reduces the size of this layer and due to lack of support skin looses its firmness. UVA can also damage DNA and can even rob your skin of essential lipids and proteins.
While you should always be careful of going out in Sun; you should take extra care in your 30s. This is the time when your skin begins to loose its sheen. Check out these tips to negate the harmful effects of Photoageing and ensuring a healthy and glowing skin.
Sunscreen – Look for a broad - spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF rating. Apply sunscreen generously on all the exposed parts. If you wish to spend longer time in the Sun, be sure to apply the sunscreen after every 2 hours.
Complete protection – Photoageing is not just restricted to your face. It affects all the body parts exposed to the Sun. Most of us apply sunscreen only on the face. This is incomplete protection. Apply sunscreen on face, neck, hands and other body parts, exposed to the Sun.
Eat right – Most of the times, Photoageing and sun damage are not visible to the naked eyes. But, that doesn’t mean that damage is not happening. You can restrict Photoageing even by eating right. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. They are rich in antioxidants which keep your skin healthy and glowing. Do include olive oil in your diet.
Right gear – Not many can resist the charm of a short dress in summers. But, one should be really careful when going out in the Sun. Pick the right dress and cover as much as you can. Always carry sunglasses, sun hat and umbrella with you.